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Photo: Chez

Professor, Ocean and Climate Change

Royal Society - Wolfson Research Merit Award holder

School of Ocean and Earth Science (SOES)

Southampton University

National Oceanography Centre, Southampton

Popular scientific account of the principles, techniques, and results of past environmental reconstruction in the Mediterranean:
The dark secret of the Mediterranean - a case history in past environmental reconstruction

Back to SOESOther                        Personal                       Google Scholar profile

ResID number B-9736-2008. NB, ResID does not seem to find all publications

Globigerinoides ruber, a common subtropical planktonic foraminifer that is much used in stable isotope research. True size 300µm.

            More Photos of Fossils (including foraminifera)

Photos: Chez Eelco coffee house (Nelson, New Zealand), courtesy of Cathy Allen; Clogs (Keukenhof, NL), courtesy of Andrew Roberts; G. ruber (Red Sea), courtesy of Mia Fenton

            Earth Image

Click image to download Google Earth file of study sites, with active links to papers.
Red = RESET project; Green = Clathrates project; Blue = previous work;
Grey = general placeholder; Green square = modern environment study.


[1988] [1989] [1990] [1991] [1992] [1993] [1994] [1995]
[1996] [1997] [1998] [1999] [2000] [2001] [2002] [2003]
[2004] [2005] [2006] [2007] [2008] [2009] [2010] [2011]

[1] Drooger, C.W. and Rohling, E.J. Lepidocyclina migration across the Atlantic. Proc. Kon. Ned. Akad., Ser.B, 91 (1), 39-52. 1988.

[2] Rohling, E.J. and Gieskes, W.W.C. Late Quaternary changes in Mediterranean Intermediate Water density and formation rate. Paleoceanography, 4, 531-545. 1989. pdf

[3] Rohling, E.J. A simple two-layered model for shoaling of the eastern Mediterranean pycnocline due to glacio-eustatic sea-level lowering. Paleoceanography, 6, 537-541, 1991. pdf

[4] Rohling, E.J. Shoaling of the eastern Mediterranean pycnocline due to reduction of excess evaporation: implications for sapropel formation. Paleoceanography, 6, 747-753, 1991. pdf

[5] Rohling, E.J., and Hilgen, F.J. The eastern Mediterranean climate at times of sapropel formation: a review. Geologie en Mijnbouw, 70, 253-264, 1991. pdf

[6] Rohling, E.J., Zachariasse, W.J, and Brinkhuis, H. A terrestrial scenario for the Cretaceous-Tertiary boundary collapse of the marine pelagic ecosystem. Terra Nova, 3, 41-48, 1991.

[6] Rohling, E.J., and Bryden, H.L. Man-induced salinity and temperature increases in Western Mediterranean Deep Water. Journal of Geophysical Research, 97, 11,191-11,198, 1992. pdf

[7] Barmawidjaja, D.M., Rohling, E.J., Van der Kaars, W.A., Vergnaud-Grazzini, C., and Zachariasse, W.J. Glacial conditions in the northern Molucca Sea region (Indonesia). Paleogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 101, 147-167, 1993.  pdf

[8] Jorissen, F.J., Asioli, A., Borsetti, A.M., Capotondi, De Visser, J.P., Hilgen, F.J., Rohling, E.J., Van der Borg, K., Vergnaud-Grazzini, C., and Zachariasse, W.J. Late Quaternary central Mediterranean biochronology. Marine Micropaleontology, 21, 169-189, 1993.   pdf

[9] Rohling, E.J., Jorissen, F.J., Vergnaud-Grazzini, C., and Zachariasse, W.J. Northern Levantine and Adriatic Quaternary planktic foraminifera; Reconstruction of paleoenvironmental gradients. Marine Micropaleontology, 21, 191-218, 1993.   pdf

[10] Rohling, E.J., De Stigter, H.C., Vergnaud-Grazzini, C., and Zaalberg, R. Temporary repopulation by low-oxygen tolerant benthic foraminifera within an upper Pliocene sapropel; Evidence for the role of oxygen depletion in the formation of sapropels. Marine Micropaleontology, 22, 207-219, 1993.   pdf

[11] Van Os, B., and Rohling, E.J. Oxygen isotope depletions in eastern Mediterranean sapropels exclude circulation reversal. In: B. Van Os, Primary and diagenetic signals in Mediterranean sapropels and North Atlantic Turbidites. Geologica Ultraiectina, 109, 3-12, 1993.

[12] Rohling, E.J., and Bryden, H.L. Estimating past changes in the eastern Mediterranean freshwater budget, using reconstructions of sea level and hydrography. Proc. Kon. Ned. Akad., Ser.B., 97, 201-217, 1994.

[13] Rohling, E.J. Glacial conditions in the Red Sea. Paleoceanography ("Currents"), 9, 653-660, 1994. pdf

[14] Rohling, E.J. Review and new aspects concerning the formation of Mediterranean sapropels. Marine Geology, 122, 1-28, 1994. pdf

[15] Rohling, E.J., Den Dulk, M., Pujol, C., and Vergnaud-Grazzini, C., Abrupt hydrographic change in the Alboran Sea (western Mediterranean) around 8000 yrs BP. Deep-Sea Research, 42, 1609-1619, 1995. pdf

[16] Rohling, E.J., and Zachariasse, W.J. Red Sea outflow during the Last Glacial Maximum. Quaternary International, 31, 77-83, 1996. pdf

[17] Lane-Serff, G.F., Rohling, E.J., Bryden, H.L., and Charnock, H. Post-glacial connection of the Black Sea to the Mediterranean and its relation to the timing of sapropel formation. Paleoceanography ("Currents"), 12, 169-174, 1997.pdf

[18] Rohling, E.J., Jorissen, F.J., De Stigter, H.C. 200 Year interruption of Holocene sapropel formation in the Adriatic Sea. J. Micropal., 16, 97-108, 1997. pdf

[19] Targarona, J., Alonso, B., Brinkhuis, H., Canals, M., Rohling, E.J., and Versteegh, G.J.M. Productivity variations in the Alboran Sea over the last 20,000 years from Protoperidinium dinoflagellate cyst records. LPP Contributions, 7, 43-66, 1997.

[20] Rohling, E.J. Mutual influencing between the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea during the Quaternary. In: Meco, J. and Petit-Maire, N., Proceedings of the IUGS-UNESCO CLIP IV meeting, Canary Islands. Univ. of Las Palmas, Gran Canaria, Spain, 141-149, 1997.

[21] Zachariasse, W.J., Jorissen, F.J., Perissoratis, C., Rohling, E.J., and Tsapralis, V. Late Quaternary foraminiferal changes and the nature of sapropel S1 in Skopelos Basin. Proceedings 5th Hellenic symposium on Oceanography and Fisheries, Kavalla, Greece, 15-18 April, 1997, Vol. 1, 391-394, 1997.

[22] Rohling, E.J., and Bigg, G.R. Paleo-salinity and delta18O: a critical assessment. J. Geophys. Res., 103, 1307-1318, 1998. pdf

[23] Rohling, E.J., Fenton, M., Jorissen, F.J., Bertrand, P., Ganssen, G., and Caulet, J.P. Magnitudes of sea-level lowstands of the past 500,000 years. Nature, 394, 162-165, 1998. pdf    News & Views

[24] Rohling, E.J., Hayes, A., Kroon, D., De Rijk, S., and Zachariasse, W.J. Abrupt cold spells in the NW Mediterranean. Paleoceanography ("Currents"), 13, 316-322, 1998. pdf

[25] Myers, P., Haines, K., and Rohling, E.J. Modelling the paleo-circulation of the Mediterranean: The last glacial maximum and the Holocene with emphasis on the formation of sapropel S1. Paleoceanography, 13, 586-606, 1998. pdf

[26] De Rijk, S. and Rohling, E.J., A palaeo-oceanographic and palaeo-climate database of the Mediterranean Sea. [CD-ROM] Proceedings of the Ocean Data Symposium, 15-18 October 1997, Dublin, 1998.

[27] Rohling, E.J. and Thunell, R.C., Five decades of Mediterranean paleoclimate and sapropel studies. Marine Geology, 153, 7-10, 1999. pdf

[28] Hayes, A., Rohling, E.J., De Rijk, S., and Zachariasse, W.J., Mediterranean planktonic foraminiferal faunas during the last glacial cycle. Marine Geology, 153, 239-252, 1999. pdf

[29] Rohling, E.J., and De Rijk. S., The Holocene Climate Optimum and Last Glacial Maximum in the Mediterranean: the marine oxygen isotope record. Marine Geology, 153, 57-75, 1999. pdf

[30] Rohling, E.J., and De Rijk. S., Erratum to "The Holocene Climate Optimum and Last Glacial Maximum in the Mediterranean: the marine oxygen isotope record." Marine Geology, 161, 385-387, 1999. pdf

[31] Rutten, A., De Lange, G.J., Hayes, A., Rohling, E.J., De Jong, A.F.M., and Van der Borg, K., Deposition of sapropel S1 sediments in oxic pelagic and anoxic brine environments in the eastern Mediterranean; differences in diagenesis and preservation. Marine Geology, 153, 319-335, 1999. pdf

[32] De Rijk, S., Rohling, E.J., and Hayes, A., Onset of climatic deterioration in the eastern Mediterranean around 7 ky BP; micropalaeontological data from Mediterranean sapropel interruptions. Marine Geology, 153, 337-343, 1999. pdf

[33] De Rijk, S., Troelstra, S., and Rohling, E.J., Modern benthic foraminifera from Mediterranean surface sediments. Journal of Foraminiferal Research, 29, 93-103, 1999.

[34] Poulos, S.E., Lykousis, V., Collins, M.B., Rohling, E.J., and Pattiaratchi, C.B., Sedimentation processes in a tectonically active environment: the Kerkyra-Kephalonia submarine valley system (NE Ionian Sea). Marine Geology, 160, 25-44, 1999. pdf

[35] Rohling, E.J. and Cooke, S. Stable oxygen and carbon isotope ratios in foraminiferal carbonate, chapter 14 in B.K. Sen Gupta (ed.) Modern Foraminifera, Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, pp.239-258, 1999.

[36] Rohling, E.J., Environmental controls on salinity and d18O in the Mediterranean. Paleoceanography, 14, 706-715, 1999. pdf

[37] Myers, P.G., and Rohling, E.J., Modelling a 200 year interruption of the Holocene sapropel S1. Quaternary Research, 53, 98-104, 2000. pdf

[38] Rohling, E.J., Paleosalinity: confidence limits and future applications. Marine Geology, 163, 1-11, 2000. pdf

[39] Bigg, G.R., and Rohling, E.J., An oxygen isotope data set for marine waters. Journal of Geophysical Research, 105, 8527-8535, 2000. pdf

[40] Schmidt, G.A., Bigg G.R., and Rohling, E.J., Global Seawater Oxygen-18 Database,,1999.

[41] Thomson, J., Nixon, S., Summerhayes, C.P., Rohling, E.J., Schoenfeld, J., Zahn, R., Grootes, P., Abrantes, F., Gaspar, L., and Vaqueiro, S., Enhanced productivity on the Iberian margin during glacial/interglacial transitions revealed by barium and diatoms. Geological Society Special Publication, 157, 667-677, 2000.

[42] Rohling, E.J., Fossil shore lines show recent flood. Times Higher Education Supplement, 28 July, 26, 2000.

[43] Rohling, E.J., De Rijk, S., Myers, P.G., and Haines, K., Palaeoceanography and numerical modelling: The Mediterranean Sea at times of sapropel formation, in Hart, M.B. (ed.) "Climates: Past and Present", Geological Society Special Publication, 181, 135-149, 2000.

[44] Fenton, M., Geiselhart, S., Rohling, E.J., and Hemleben, C., Aplanktonic zones in the Red Sea. Marine Micropaleontology, 40, 277-294, 2000. pdf

[45] De Rijk, S., Jorissen, F.J., Rohling, E.J., and Troestra, S.R., Organic flux control on bathymetric zonation of Mediterranean benthic foraminifera. Marine Micropaleontology, 40, 151-166, 2000. pdf

[46] Jorissen, F.J and Rohling, E.J., Faunal perspectives on paleoproductivity. Marine Micropaleontology, 40, 131-134, 2000. pdf

[47] Mercone, D., Thomson, J., Abu-Zied, R.H., Croudace, I.W., and Rohling, E.J., High-resolution geochemical and micropalaeontological profiling of the most recent eastern Mediterranean sapropel. Marine Geology, 177, 25-44, 2001. pdf

[48] Cooke, S., and Rohling, E.J., Stable isotopes in foraminiferal carbonate, Southampton Oceanography Centre Internal Document, 72, 56pp., 2001.

[49] Casford, J.S.L., Abu-Zied, R., Rohling, E.J., Cooke, S., Boessenkool, K.P., Brinkhuis, H., De Vries, C., Wefer, G., Geraga, M., Papatheodorou, G., Croudace, I., Thomson, J., Wells, N.C., and Lykousis, V. Mediterranean climate variability during the Holocene. Mediterranean Marine Science, 2, 45-55, 2001. pdf

[49] Rohling, E.J., The dark secret of the Mediterranean - a case history in past environmental reconstruction, November 2001.

[50] Rohling, E.J., Mayewski, P.A., Hayes, A., Abu-Zied, R.H., and Casford, J.S.L., Holocene atmosphere-ocean interactions: records from Greenland and the Aegean Sea. Climate Dynamics, 18, 587-593, 2002. pdf    foram abundance DATA    Isotope DATA

[51] Wadley, M.R., Bigg, G.R., Rohling, E.J., and Payne, A.J., On modelling present day and last glacial maximum oceanic d18O distributions. Global and Planetary Change, 32, 89-109, 2002. pdf

[52] Rohling, E.J., Casford, J., Abu-Zied, R., Cooke, S., Mercone, D., Thomson, J., Croudace, I., Jorissen, F.J., Brinkhuis, H., Kallmeyer, J., and Wefer, G., Rapid Holocene climate changes in the eastern Mediterranean, in F. Hassan (ed.) Droughts, Food and Culture: Ecological Change  and Food Security in Africa's Later Prehistory, pp. 35-46, Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, London, 2002.

[53] Cane, T., Rohling, E.J., Kemp, A.E.S., Cooke, S., and Pearce, R.B., High-resolution stratigraphic framework for Mediterranean sapropel S5: defining temporal relationships between records of Eemian climate variability. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 183, 87-101, 2002. pdf

[54] Casford, J.S.L., Rohling, E.J., Abu-Zied,R., Cooke, S., Fontanier, C., Leng, M., and Lykousis,V., Circulation changes and nutrient concentrations in the Late Quaternary Aegean Sea: A non-steady state concept for sapropel formation. Paleoceanography, 17, 2000PA000601, pp. 14.1-14.11, 2002. pdf

[55] Rohling, E.J., Cane, T.R., Cooke, S., Sprovieri, M., Bouloubassi, I., Emeis, K.C., Schiebel, R., Kroon, D., Jorissen, F.J., Lorre, A., and Kemp, A.E.S. African monsoon variability during the previous interglacial maximum. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 202, 61-75, 2002. pdf    Isotope DATA    971A alkenone DATA

[56] Siddall, M., Smeed, D., Mathiessen, S., and Rohling, E.J., Modelling the seasonal cycle of the exchange flow in Bab-el-Mandab (Red Sea). Deep-Sea Research I, 49, 1551-1569, 2002. pdf

[57] Casford, J.S.L., Rohling, E.J., Abu-Zied, R.H.., Jorissen, F.J., Leng, M., and Thomson, J. A dynamic concept for eastern Mediterranean circulation and oxygenation during sapropel formation, Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 190, 103-119, 2003. pdf

[58] Dinarès-Turell, J., Hoogakker, B.A.A., Roberts, A.P., Rohling, E.J., and Sagnotti, L., Quaternary climatic control of biogenic magnetite production and eolian dust input in cores from the Mediterranean Sea, Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 190, 195-209, 2003. pdf

[59] Rohling, E.J., Mayewski, P.A., and Challenor, P., On the timing and mechanism of millennial-scale climate variability during the last glacial cycle, Climate Dynamics, 20, 257-267, 2003. pdf

[60] Sprovieri, M., Sacchi, M., and Rohling, E.J. Evidence of climate teleconnection between the Mediterranean and the Paratethys during the Tortonian based on integrated marine and continental stratigraphy, Paleoceanography, 18, PA1034, doi 10.1029/2001PA000750, 2003. pdf

[61] Siddall, M., Rohling, E.J., Almogi-Labin, A., Hemleben, Ch., Meischner, D., Schmeltzer, I., and Smeed, D.A., Sea-level fluctuations during the last glacial cycle, Nature, 423, 853-858, 2003. pdf    News & Views

[62] Myers, P.G., Wielki, C., Goldstein, S.B., and Rohling, E.J. Hydraulic calculations of postglacial connections between the Mediterranean and the Black Sea. Marine Geology, 201, 253-267, 2003. pdf

[63] Larrasoaña, J.C., Roberts, A.P., Rohling, E.J., Winklhofer, M., and Wehausen, R. Three million years of monsoon variability over the northern Sahara. Climate Dynamics, 21, 689-698, 2003. pdf

[64] Rohling, E.J., Sprovieri, M., Cane, T.R., Casford, J.S.L., Cooke, S., Bouloubassi, I., Emeis, K.C., Schiebel, R., Hayes, A., Jorissen, F.J., and Kroon, D. Reconstructing past planktic foraminiferal habitats using stable isotope data: a case history for Mediterranean sapropel S5, Marine Micropaleontology, 50, 89-123, 2004. pdf    KS205 DATA

[65] Scrivner, A.E., Vance, D., and Rohling, E.J. New neodymium isotope data quantify Nile involvement in Mediterranean anoxic episodes, Geology, 32, 565-568, 2004. pdf

[66] Rogerson, M., Rohling, E.J., Weaver, P.P.E., and Murray, J.W., The Azores front since the last glacial maximum, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 222, 779-789, 2004. pdf

[67] Rohling, E.J., Marsh, R., Wells, N.C., Siddall, M., and Edwards, N., Similar melt-water contributions to glacial sea-level variability from Antarctic and northern ice sheets, Nature, 430, 1016-1021, 2004. pdf    Science News interview  

[68] Siddall, M., Smeed, D.A., Hemleben, Ch., Rohling, E.J., Schmeltzer, I., and Peltier, W.R., Understanding the Red Sea response to sea level, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 225, 421-434, 2004. pdf

[69] Hoogakker, B.AA., Rothwell, R.G., Rohling, E.J., Paterne, M., and Stow, D.A.V., Variations in terrigenous dilution in western Mediterranean Sea pelagic sediments in response to climate change during the last glacial cycle, Marine Geology, 211, 21-43, 2004. pdf

[70] Mayewski, P.A., Rohling, E.J., Stager, J.C., Karlén, W., Maasch, K., Meeker, L.D., Meyerson, E., Gasse, F., Van Kreveld, S., Holmgren, K., Lee-Thorp. J., Rosqvist, G., Rack, F., Staubwasser, M., Schneider, R.R., Steig, E., Holocene Climate Variability, Quaternary Research, 62, 243-255, 2004. pdf     LC21 Warm-Cold DATA

[71] Hayes, A., Kucera, M., Kallel, N., Sbaffi, L., and Rohling, E.J., Glacial Mediterranean sea surface temperatures reconstructed from planktonic foraminiferal assemblages, Quaternary Science Reviews, 24, 999-1016, 2005. pdf

[72] Rohling, E.J. and Pälike, H., Centennial-scale climate cooling with a sudden cold event around 8,200 years ago, Nature, 434, 975-979, 2005. pdf

[73] Maasch, K.A., Mayewski, P.A., Rohling, E.J., Stager, J.C., Karlen, W., Meeker, L.D., and Meyerson, E.A., A 2000 year context for modern climate change, Geografiska Annaler, 87A, 7-15, 2005. pdf

[74] Rogerson, M., Rohling, E.J., Weaver, P.P.E., and Murray, J.W., Glacial to Interglacial Changes in the Settling Depth of the Mediterranean Outflow Plume, Paleoceanography, 20, PA3007, doi10.1029/2004PA001106, 2005. pdf

[75] Postlethwaite, C., Rohling, E.J., Jenkins, W.J., and Walker, C.F., A tracer study of deep water formation and ventilation in the Japan/East Sea, Deep-Sea Research II, 52, 1684-1704, 2005. pdf

[76] Rohling, E.J., and Dickens, G.R., Editorial: Welcome from the new Editors. Paleoceanography, 21, PA1000, doi:10.1029/2006PA001272, 2006. pdf

[77] Fernandes, C., Rohling, E.J., and Siddall, M., Absence of Quaternary Red Sea land bridges: biogeographic implications. Journal of Biogeography, 33, 961-966, 2006. pdf

[78] Rohling, E.J., Hopmans, E.C., and Sinninghe-Damste, J.S., Water column dynamics during the last interglacial anoxic event in the Mediterranean (sapropel S5). Paleoceanography, 21, PA2018, doi:10.1029/2005PA001237, 2006. pdf    971A organics DATA   971A C/N DATA

[79] Larrasoaña, J.C., Roberts, A.P., Hayes, A., Wehausen, R., and Rohling, E.J., Detecting missing beats in the Mediterranean climate rhythm from magnetic identification of oxidized sapropels in Ocean Drilling Program Leg 160 marine sediments. Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors, 156, 283-293, 2006. pdf

[80] Hoogakker, B.A.A., Rohling, E.J., Palmer, M.R., Tyrrell, T., and Rothwell, R.G. Underlying causes for long-term global ocean d13C fluctuations over the last 1.2 Ma. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 248, 15-29, 2006. pdf

[81] Siddall, M., Bard, E., Rohling, E.J., and Hemleben, Ch., Sea-level reversal during Termination II. Geology, 34, 817-820, 2006. pdf

[82] Rogerson, M., Rohling, E.J., and Weaver, P.P.E., Promotion of meridional overturning by Mediterranean-derived salt during the last deglaciation. Paleoceanography, 21, PA4101, doi:10.1029/2006PA001306, 2006. pdf

[83] Rogerson, M., Weaver, P.P.E., Rohling, E.J., Lourens, L.J., Murray, J.W., and Hayes, A., Colour logging as a tool in high-resolution palaeoceanography, in: Rothwell, R.G. (ed.) "New techniques in sediment core analysis". Geological Society Special Publication, 267, 99-112, 2006. pdf

[84] Stanford, J.D., Rohling, E.J., Hunter, S.E., Roberts, A.P., Rasmussen, S.O., Bard, E., McManus, J., and Fairbanks, R.G., Timing of meltwater pulse 1a and climate responses to meltwater injections. Paleoceanography, 21,  PA4103, doi:10.1029/2006PA001340, 2006. pdf    Science editor's choice  

[85] Rohling, E.J., Oxygen isotope composition of seawater. In, Elias, S.A. (ed.) Encyclopedia of Quaternary Science (Vol. 3), Elsevier, 1748-1756 (published 2006, copyright date 2007). pdf

[86] Marsh, R., Hazeleger, W., Yool, W., and Rohling, E.J. Long-term fate of the thermohaline circulation under two alternative controls on salinity. Geophysical Research Letters, 34, L03605, doi:10.1029/2006GL027815, 2007. pdf

[87] Marino, G., Rohling, E.J., Rijpstra, W.I., Sangiorgi, F., Schouten, S., and Sinninghe Damsté, J.S., Aegean Sea as driver for hydrological and ecological changes in the eastern Mediterranean. Geology, 35, 675-678, 2007. pdf    ScienceDaily    DATA

[88] Rohling, E.J., Progress in palaeosalinity: overview and presentation of a new approach. Paleoceanography, 22, PA3215, doi:10.1029/2007PA001437,  2007. pdf

[89] van der Meer, M.T.J., Baas, M., Rijpstra, W.I.C., Marino, G., Rohling, E.J., Sinninghe Damsté, J.S., and Schouten, S., Hydrogen isotopic compositions of long-chain alkenones record freshwater flooding of the eastern Mediterranean at the onset of sapropel deposition. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 262, 594-600, 2007. pdf

[90] Hunter, S., Wilkinson, D., Louarn, E., McCave, N., Rohling, E.J., Stow, D., and Bacon, S. Deep western boundary current dynamics and associated sedimentation on the Eirik Drift, southern Greenland margin. Deep-Sea Research I, 54, 2036-2066, 2007. pdf

[91] Casford, J.S.L., Abu-Zied, R., Rohling, E.J., Cooke, S., Fontanier, Ch., Leng, M., Millard, A., and Thomson, J. A stratigraphically controlled multi-proxy chronostratigraphy for the eastern Mediterranean. Paleoceanography, 22, PA4215, doi:10.1029/2007PA001422,  2007. pdf    LC21 element DATA

[92] Rohling, E.J., Grant, K., Hemleben, Ch., Siddall, M., Hoogakker, B.A.A., Bolshaw, M., and Kucera, M., High rates of sea-level rise during the last interglacial period. Nature Geoscience, 1, 38-42, 2008. pdf    DATA    BBC    Scitizen interview   ScienceNOW highlight   

[93] Siddall, M., Rohling, E.J., and Arz, H.W., Convincing evidence for rapid ice sheet growth during the last glacial period, in: Kienast, M., Lynch-Stieglitz, J., Newman, L., and Kiefer, T. (eds.) PAGES News, 16 (1), 15-16, 2008. pdf    entire Newletter

[94] Abu-Zied, R.H., Rohling, E.J., Jorissen, F.J., Fontanier, C., Casford, J.S.L. and Cooke, S., Benthic foraminiferal response to changes in bottom water oxygenation and organic carbon flux in the eastern Mediterranean during LGM to Recent times. Marine Micropaleontology, 67, 46-68, 2008. pdf

[95] Kuhlemann, J., Rohling, E.J., Kumrei, I., Kubik, P., Ivy-Ochs, S., and Kucera, M., Regional synthesis of  Mediterranean atmospheric circulation during the Last Glacial Maximum. Science, 321, (5894), 1338-1340, doi:10.1126/science.1157638, 2008. pdf     Supplement     Nature Reports Climate Change highlight

[96] Larrassoana, J.C., Roberts, A.P., Rohling, E.J., Magnetic susceptibility of eastern Mediterranean marine sediments as a proxy for Saharan dust supply? Marine Geology, 254, 224-229, 2008. pdf

[97] Rohling E.J., Grant, K., Hemleben, Ch., Kucera, M., Roberts, A.P., Schmeltzer, I., Schulz, H., Siccha, M., Siddall, M., and Trommer, G., New constraints on the timing and amplitude of sea level fluctuations during Marine Isotope Stage 3. Paleoceanography, 23, PA 3219, doi:10.1029/2008PA001617, 2008. pdf    DATA

[98] Rohling, E.J., Schiebel, R., and Siddall, M., Controls on Messinian Lower Evaporite cycles in the Mediterranean. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 275, 165-171, 2008. pdf

[99] Liu, Q., Roberts, A.P., Rohling, E.J., and Zhu, R., Post-depositional remanent magnetization lock-in and the location of the Matuyama-Brunhes geomagnetic reversal boundary in marine and Chinese loess sequences. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 275, 102-110, 2008. pdf

[100] Siddall, M., Rohling, E.J., Thompson, W.G., and Waelbroeck, C., Marine isotope stage 3 sea level fluctuations: Data synthesis and new outlook. Reviews of Geophysics, 46, RG4003, doi:10.1029/2007RG000226, 2008. pdf

[101] Osborne, A.H., Vance, D., Rohling, E.J., Barton, N., Rogerson, M., and Fello, N., A humid corridor across the Sahara for the migration "Out of Africa" of early modern humans 120,000 years ago. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 105, 16444-16447, 2008. pdf   ScienceNow highlight    ScienceDaily   BBC

[102] Clare, L., Rohling, E.J., Weninger, B., and Hilpert, J., Warfare in Late Neolithic/Early Chalcolithic Pisidia, southwestern Turkey. Climate induced social unrest in the late 7th millennium calBC. Documenta Praehistorica, 35 (Neolithic Studies 15), 65-92, 2008. pdf

[103] Weninger, B., Shulting, R., Bradtmöller, M., Clare, L., Collard, M., Edinborough, K., Hilpert, J., Jöris, O., Niekus, M., Rohling, E.J., and Wagner, B., The catastrophic final flooding of Doggerland by the Storegga Slide tsunami. Documenta Praehistorica, 35 (Neolithic Studies 15), 1-24, 2008. pdf

[104] Rohling, E.J., Book review: Murray, J. (2006), Ecology and applications of benthic foraminifera. Geological Magazine, 145 (4), 600-601, 2008. pdf

[105] MARGO project members (Waelbroeck, C., Paul, A., Kucera, M., Rosell-Melé, A., Weinelt, M., Schneider, R., Mix, A.C., Abelmann, A., Armand, L., Bard, E., Barker, S., Barrows, T.T., Benway, H., Cacho, I., Chen, M.-T., Cortijo, E., Crosta, X., de Vernal, A., Dokken, T., Duprat, J., Elderfield, H., Eynaud, F., Gersonde, R., Hayes, A., Henry, M., Hillaire-Marcel, C., Huang, C.-C., Jansen, E., Juggins, S., Kallel, N., Kiefer, T., Kienast, M., Labeyrie, L., Leclaire, H., Londeix, L., Mangin, S., Matthiessen, J., Marret, F., Meland, M., Morey, A.E., Mulitza, S., Pflaumann, U., Pisias, N.G., Radi, T., Rochon, A., Rohling, E.J., Sbaffi, L., Schäfer-Neth, C., Solignac, S., Spero, H., Tachikawa, K., Turon, J.-L.), Constraints on the magnitude and patterns of ocean cooling at the Last Glacial Maximum. Nature Geoscience, 2, 127-132, 2009.  pdf   Supplement   Nature Reports Climate Change   ScienceDaily   NERC PlanetEarth

[106] Rohling, E.J., Book review: Hillaire-Marcel, C. and De Vernal, A. (eds.) (2007), Proxies in Late Cenozoic Paleoceanography. Geological Magazine, 146 (1), 158-159, 2009. pdf

[107] Feature article: "The value of historical data on sea level changes". Projects, 10, 44-45, 2009 (British Publishers). pdf

[108] Rohling, E.J., Abu-Zied, R., Casford, J.S.L., Hayes, A., and Hoogakker, B.A.A. The Marine Environment: Present and Past, in: Woodward, J.C. (ed.) The Physical Geography of the Mediterranean, Oxford University Press, ISBN: 978-0-19-926803-0, pp. 33-67, 2009.  book contents   pdf

[109] Rohling, E.J., Hayes, A., Mayewski, P.A., and Kucera, M., Holocene climate variability in the eastern Mediterranean, and the End of the Bronze Age, in: Bachhuber, C. and Roberts, R.G. (eds.) Forces of Transformation: The End of the Bronze Age in the Mediterranean. BANEA Publication Series 1, Oxbow Books, Oxford, ISBN-13: 978-1-84217-332-9, pp. 2-5, 2009.  book contents   pdf 

[110] Rohling, E.J., Grant, K., Bolshaw, M., Roberts, A.P., Siddall, M., Hemleben, Ch., and Kucera, M., Antarctic temperature and global sea level closely coupled over the past five glacial cycles. Nature Geoscience, 2, 500-504, 2009. pdf   DATA   supplement (without data)      Nature Geoscience Sea-Level Focus   ScienceDaily   NERC PlanetEarth   NOCSnews

[111] Hoogakker, B.A.A., Klinkhammer, G.P., Elderfield, H., Rohling, E.J., and Hayward, C., Mg/Ca paleothermometry in high salinity environments. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 284, 583-589, 2009. pdf

[112] Westbrook, G.K., Thatcher, K.E., Rohling, E.J., Piotrowski, A.M., Pälike, H., Osborne, A.H., Nisbet, E.G., Minshull, T.A., Lanoisellé, M., James, R.H., Hühnerbach, V., Green, D., Fisher, R.E., Crocker, A.J., Chabert, A., Bolton, C., Beszczynska-Möller, A., Berndt, C., and Aquilina, A., Escape of methane gas from the seabed along the West Spitsbergen continental margin. Geophysical Research Letters, 36, L15608, doi:10.1029/2009GL 039191, 2009. pdf    NOCSnews    Nature Reports Climate Change    BBC    ScienceDaily    NERC PlanetEarth

[113] Marino, G., Rohling, E.J., Sangiorgi, F., Hayes, A., Casford, J.S.L., Lotter, A.F., Kucera, M., and Brinkhuis, H., Early and middle Holocene in the Aegean Sea: interplay between high and low latitude climate variability. Quaternary Science Reviews, 28, 3246-3262, 2009. pdf    LC21 DATA on new agemodel

[114] Rohling, E.J., Liu, Q., Roberts, A.P., Stanford, J.D., Rasmussen, S.O., Langen, P.L., and Siddall., M., Controls on the East Asian monsoon during the last glacial cycle, based on comparison between Hulu Cave and polar ice-core records. Quaternary Science Reviews, 28, 3291-3302, 2009. pdf

[115] Weninger, B., Clare, L., Rohling, E.J., Bar-Yosef, O., Boehner, U., Budja, M., Bundschuh, M., Feurdean, A., Gebel, H.G., Joeris, O., Lindstaedter, J., Mayewski, P., Muehlenbruch, T., Reingruber, A., Rollefson, G., Schyle, D., Thissen, L., Todorova, H., and Zielhofer, C., The impact of rapid climate change on prehistoric societies during the Holocene in the Eastern Mediterranean. Documenta Praehistorica, 36 (Neolithic Studies 16), 7-59, 2009. pdf

[116] Rohling, E.J., Braun, K., Grant, K., Kucera, M., Roberts, A.P., Siddall, M., and Trommer, G., Comparison between Holocene and Marine Isotope Stage-11 sea-level histories. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 291, 97-105, 2010pdf   DATA

[117] Siddall, M., Rohling, E.J., Blunier, T., and Spahni, R., Patterns of millennial variability over the last 500 ka. Climate of the Past, 6, 295-303, 2010.   pdf

[118] Trommer, G., Siccha, M., Rohling, E.J., Grant, K., van der Meer, M., Schouten, S., Hemleben, Ch., and Kucera, M., Millennial scale variability in Red Sea circulation in response to Holocene insolation forcing. Paleoceanography, 25, PA3203, doi:10.1029/2009PA001826, 2010.   pdf

[119] Osborne, A., Marino, G., Vance, D., and Rohling, E.J., Eastern Mediterranean surface water Nd during Eemian sapropel S5: monitoring northerly (mid latitude) versus southerly (sub tropical) freshwater contributions. Quaternary Science Reviews, 29, 2473-2483, 2010.   pdf

[120] Rogerson, M., Colmenero-Hidalgo, E., Levine, R.C., Rohling, E.J., Voelker, A.H.L.,  Bigg, G.R., Schönfeld, J., Cacho, I., Sierro, F.J., Löwemark, L., Reguera, M.I. , and de Abreu, L., Enhanced Mediterranean-Atlantic exchange during Atlantic freshening phases. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 11, Q08013, doi:10.1029/2009GC002931, 2010.    pdf

[121] Ni Fhlaithearta, S., Reichart, G.J., Jorissen, F.J., Fontanier, C., Rohling, E.J., Thomson, J., De Lange, G.J., Reconstructing the sea floor environment during sapropel formation using trace metals and sediment composition. Paleoceanography, 25, PA4225, doi:10.1029/2009PA001869, 2010.   pdf

[122] Cox, K.A., Stanford, J.D., McVicar, A.J., Rohling, E.J., Heywood, K.J., Bacon, S., Bolshaw, M., Dodd, P.A., De la Rosa, S., and Wilkinson, D., Interannual variability of Arctic sea ice export into the East Greenland Current. Journal of Geophysical Research - Oceans, 115, C12063, doi:10.1029/2010JC006227, 2010.   pdf

[123] Feature article: "The rise and rise of the sea". NERC Planet Earth, winter 2010, 16-17, 2010.   pdf


[124] Stanford, J.D., Rohling, E.J., Bacon, S., Roberts, A.P., Grousset, F.E., and Bolshaw, M., A new concept for the paleoceanographic evolution of Heinrich event 1 in the North Atlantic. Quaternary Science Reviews, 30, 1047-1066, 2011.   pdf    supplement1     supplement2

[125] Rohling, E.J., Book review: Broecker, W. (2010), The Great Ocean Conveyor: Discovering the Trigger for Abrupt Climate Change. The Holocene, 21, 707, 2011.   pdf

[126] Trommer, G., Siccha, M., Rohling, E.J., Grant, K., van der Meer, M.T.J., Schouten, S., Baranowski, U., and Kucera, M., Sensitivity of Red Sea circulation to sea level and insolation forcing during the last interglacial. Climate of the Past, 7, 941-955, 2011.   pdf

[127] Stanford, J.D., Rohling, E.J., and Challenor, P.G., Sea-level probability for the last deglaciation: a statistical analysis of far-­field records. Global and Planetary Change, 79, 193-203, 2011.   pdf     FINAL SEA-LEVEL PROBABILITY RECORD     R-script   data readme   Barbados data   Bonaparte1 data   Bonaparte2 data   Florida data   Huon data   Sunda1 data  
Sunda2 data   Tahiti data   GoM1 data   GoM2 data   GoM3 data

[128] Stanford, J.D., Rohling, E.J., Bacon, S., and Holiday, N.P., A review of the deep and surface currents around Eirik Drift, south of Greenland: Comparison of the past with the present. Global and Planetary Change, 79, 244-254, 2011.  pdf

[129] Roberts, A.P., Rohling, E.J., Grant, K.M., Larrasoana, J.C., Liu, Q., Atmospheric dust variability from Arabia and China over the last 500,000 years. Quaternary Science Reviews, 30, 3537-3541, 2011.   pdf

[130] AGU press conference on palaeo-perspectives on climate sensitivity and sealevel
          New Scientist podcast interview following AGU press conference
          Physics Today article on climate scientists v. climate change deniers


[131] Sadler, J., Care, M., Azzoug, M., Schauer, A.J., Ledesma, J., Cardenas, F., Chase, B.M., Bentaleb, I., Muller, S., Mandeng, M., Rohling, E.J., and Sachs, J.P., Reconstructing past upwelling intensity and the seasonal dynamics of primary productivity along the Peruvian coastline from mollusk shell stable isotopes. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 13, Q01015, doi:10.1029/2011GC003595, 2012.   pdf

[132] Medina-Elizalde, M., and Rohling, E.J., Collapse of classic Maya civilization related to modest reduction in precipitation. Science, 335, 956-959, 2012.    pdf    Supplement    ScienceDaily    Osgood interview (CBS)

[133] Rohling, E.J., Medina-Elizalde, M., Shepherd, J.G., Siddall, M., and Stanford, J.D., Sea surface and high-latitude temperature sensitivity to radiative forcing of climate over several glacial cycles. Journal of Climate, 25, 1635-1656, 2012.   pdf     records    chrono-tiepoints     forcings per latitude

[134] Liu, Q., Larrasoana, J.C., Torrent, J., Roberts, A.P., Rohling, E.J., Liu, Z., and Jiang, Z., New constraints on climate forcing and variability in the circum-Mediterranean region from magnetic and geochemical observations of sapropels S1, S5 and S6. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 333/334, 1-12, 2012.    pdf

[135] Rogerson, M., Rohling, E.J., Bigg, G.R., and Ramirez, J., Palaeoceanography of the Atlantic-Mediterranean Exchange: overview and first quantitative assessment of climatic forcing. Reviews of Geophysics50, RG2003, doi:10.1029/2011RG000376, 2012.    pdf

[136] Rogerson, M., Bigg, G.R., Rohling, E.J., and Ramirez, J., Vertical density gradient in the eastern north Atlantic during the last 30,000 years. Climate Dynamics, 10.1007/s00382-011-1148-4, in press.   link

last update: 22-May-2012